Get diesel fuel, gasoline and gas to refuel your cars in the modular factories PROMETHEUS of the Klimov Design Bureau.
From solid raw materials: municipal waste, coal, peat, wood waste. From liquid raw materials: oil, fuel oil, sludge, waste oil.
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We realize: waste pyrolysis plants, various liquids evaporation plants, fuels vacuum sorption units, heavy oil cracking units, incinerators, vacuum distillation units, hangars for plant placement, drilling sludge recovery units, oil tar pyrolysis units, oil tar catalytic cracking units, oil separators, desalinators of sea water.
Kibov Kubov evaporators "NP / KI-1 electro" and "NP / KI-1 combi" processing of oily liquids in a cyclical mode.
I. Klimov Kubov evaporator "NP / KI-1 electro" for the production of light petroleum products.
Installation complete set Kibov KP evaporator "NP / KI-1 electro":
1. Raw capacity 1,32 куб.м. 1 шт.
2. Electric heating 22,5 кВт 1 шт.
3. Evaporator model KI-25 1 шт.
4. Cyclone-capacitor 1 шт.
Technical characteristics of the installation Kubov NP / KI-1 Electro KV evaporator:
1. The performance of the installation of crude oil, т/сутки – от 0,9 до 1,1.
2. Installed electrical power, кВт. – до 24,0.
3. Supply voltage, В – 380, трехфазное.
4. Current frequency, Гц – 50.
5. Mass of installations (net), кг – до 1 150.
6. Mass of installations (gross), кг. – 1 150.
7. Installation length, м – 2,2.
8. Installation width, м – 1,2.
9. Installation height, м – 1,8.
10. Type of climate performance – УХЛ 2.
11. Placement category – 1 по ГОСТ 15150.
Serves installation 1 person per shift.
Performance of the Klimov NP / KI-1 Electro unit for light oil products:
Depending on the processed crude oil, its fractional composition, the capacity of the NP / KI-1 electro bottom evaporator for the processed raw materials reached 4,500 tons per day. The more light fractions (gasoline, kerosene, diesel) in the crude oil, the higher the performance of the installation.
Technological performance of the installation Klimov "NP / KI-1 electro":
There is no “boiling-in a priori” in the Kubov “NP / KI-1 electro” evaporator for producing light commercial oil products. The work of the bottom evaporator is not built on boiling, but on forced evaporation. What creates the opportunity to get at the output of superpure commodity oil products that do not oxidize or darken with time. The maximum working temperature of evaporation in the kubovy evaporator is 200 degrees. In contrast to evaporating cubes and column apparatus, in order to get diesel fuel, you need to create a boiling point for crude oil 360 degrees. The principle of the design of the cubic evaporator is taken from nature, the oceans are salty, that is, dirty. And the clouds in the sky are super clear and fresh. But at the same time no one boils the oceans and seas.
Features of the installation Klimov NP / KI-1 electro":
Klimov Kubov Evaporator NP / KI-1 Electro is very compact and covers an area of 2.6 square meters. Does not release flue gases into the environment. There is no associated gas, due to the low temperature process, the beginning of the process at a temperature of 50 degrees. It is best suited for small businesses to cover their costs in fuel and lubricants. The low price makes the bottom evaporator a fast-paying project. The simplicity of the design allows anyone to master its operation. Duration 1 day.
design engineer of low-tonnage petrochemical equipment
Klimov Igor Gennadevich >>Direction of work<<
Questions on the installation of the Kibmov NP / KI-1 Electro bottom evaporator for the production of light commercial oil.
Question to the constructor: 24 kW electrical power is constant when working at the bottom of the evaporator? Is it possible to work round the clock?
22.5 kW constant power consumption of the vat evaporator, it is possible to reduce heating - the rate of distillation will fall. There are two more low modes with consumption of 15.0 kW and 7.5 kW. Installation works around the clock.
Question to the constructor: Is there a possibility for the product and raw material pumps of the vat evaporator to provide a rise to a height of 3-5 meters and how the installation itself is characterized in terms of collecting raw materials and product outputs?
On the installation "NP / KI-1 electro" centrifugal pumps are installed for pumping petroleum products. The pressure can create 12 meters at the exit. At the inlet it is necessary that the liquid level is above the pump. The pump itself cannot suck up liquid. Therefore, the level in the primary raw material tank must be higher than the injection pump. Structurally, the pumps in the installation are located below the process tanks. In the design of the installation, a nozzle is provided to fill the technological raw material tank from an external pump that is capable of sucking raw materials.
Question to the constructor: Good afternoon! I would like to clarify not a big design nuance. Three columns from the end of the apparatus, are they hollow or is there anything inside? The product goes there with what temperature and in what condition? Where is the product in gaseous state? How is the separation of light marketable fractions and is it possible to fill these columns with a zeolite catalyst for the additional enrichment in the gaseous state of the products of distillation of light fractions?
The three columns from the end are the electric heaters of the raw materials, they are made as large as possible to maximize the heat exchange area between the heating element of the heating element and the raw materials, therefore they are shaped and resemble columns. Tenes are in a dry state, they do not have direct contact with the raw materials, which ensures explosion safety when the tenes fail or short-circuited. It also provides a quick replacement of a failed heat heater without draining raw materials from the system. Electric heaters are used for heating raw materials. Raw materials are not brought to the boiling point, it is cold evaporation, so to speak. Evaporation occurs in the evaporator due to the cooling of warm raw materials. A fundamentally different principle of operation of the cubic evaporator from the evaporating cube is not due to boiling of the fraction (boiling process in the evaporating cube), but due to its cooling (the process of "forced" evaporation in the cubic evaporator). The vaporous product is formed in the evaporation unit, the temperature of the vapor in the heaters decreases, and the vapors are condensed into liquid using a vortex cyclone. I do not think it is necessary to use zeolite catalysts, since there is no boiling process and zeolite catalysts are mainly used in catalytic cracking, but there is no such process here either. I repeat, during evaporation, we obtain in excess pure substances that have evaporated from the crude oil, nor any reforming with substances. Evaporation is a process for fractional separation by weight of molecules, not by boiling point, and preserving it in its original form as it was in raw materials. As an observation: the octane number of the finished gasoline from oil was higher when evaporating (Au 96), and diesel fuel was higher than the cetane number (60), since weak intermolecular bonds of the raw material molecules did not break when the boiling energy was present and some of the saturated hydrocarbons did not become unsaturated hydrocarbons.
Good afternoon! Clearly, it means wrong. In this case, it turns out that the yield of light marketable fractions is not determined by the fractional composition, since there is no boiling, as in this case determine the yield of fractions from raw materials, for example 50% pyrolysis liquid tires and 50% gas condensate (light) with a gasoline fraction content up to 89%. Well, it’s interesting that the approximate octane number of the total gasoline fraction will not occur if the gasoline fraction from the pyrolysis liquid turns out to be harder and falls into a diesel? Is there any point in evaporation of multi-fraction mixtures in order to obtain high-octane and ultra-pure gasoline and diesel fractions??
The yield of light light fractions is determined by the fractional composition, you are not mistaken. Theoretically, the higher the mass of the molecule, the higher its boiling point. When a cubic evaporator is in operation, I always use the values ??of fractional distillation first of all. And what do you think that in a standard process at one boiling point, completely different substances do not boil? Even as they boil. Therefore, by boiling you very roughly select a narrow-band fraction; there will be molecules of both gasoline and diesel in the same composition. It is no secret that diesel and paraffin fractions boil at the same temperature. This is a huge oil refining disease, cleaning diesel from paraffins. And on the bottom of the evaporator, I divided the mixture of kerosene 20% and paraffins 80% exactly into two parts. The raw mix externally looked like diesel fuel and according to the passport according to all indicators diesel fuel was, only the drivers of diesel engines changed the fuel equipment once in 3 months. As a result, the output of 20% kerosene and the remainder 80% clay mass. This trick was due to the fact that they have one boiling point, but the kerosene molecule is 2 times lighter than paraffin. For reference: the average molecular weight of a diesel fuel molecule is 110-230, and the average molecular weight of a paraffin molecule is 300-450.
Then I do not understand, paraffin goes to oil? And at the output of the diesel fraction, we get ultrapure kerosene and diesel? What happens to mercaptans in this case? Well, actually I would like to know more about the gasoline fraction, because the molecules of the narrow gasoline fractions are also different in mass..
The molecules of narrow gasoline fractions are different in mass, but they are still in most cases lighter than kerosene and diesel. Therefore, they can be distinguished in aggregate, like gasoline.
Paraffin goes to fuel oil? As a rule: yes, there is a place for him. I want to say that there is no perfect solution for the hardware execution of this or that process. All solutions have weaknesses and strengths. I am guided by a hardware solution suitable for low-tonnage production..
I am not a great specialist in mercaptans, we do not have mercaptan oils in our region. But as I understand it, mercaptans are primarily a smell, the smell of hydrogen sulfide. In practice, I came across an ammonia odor when distilling crude oil. But any side odor indicates that organic derivatives are present in the raw materials, their presence is undesirable, they mainly worsen the marketable product in its composition. What to do in such cases, you can use odor absorbers. I'm not a strong chemist, I'm more a designer.
Question to the constructor: We needed to place the cube evaporator in a brick garage, the standard height of the garage doors was 1.80 m for a car and it was very difficult to move the installation inside the garage itself..
Design additions to the new model. The frames of the subsequent models of vat evaporators will be equipped with heavy-duty swivel polyurethane wheels, and the installation height will be reduced, it will become equal to 1750 mm. I think even lower garage doors do not. Another installation model "2" will be equipped with a self-priming raw material pump, the suction depth is 9 meters. And with a hose with a dispensing gun for easy packaging of the finished product.
Question to the constructor: Is it possible to distill waste oil on a vaporizer of your design?
Used motor oil overtook. It turns out at the exit: 7% of water, 7% of high-quality diesel fuel (there is no paraffin in oils, as the oils underwent paraffin purification at the refinery, therefore, very high quality diesel), 70-80% of pure clear oil, oil additives are fully preserved, the rest is nigrol for the stove. If the regenerated oil is added in the amount of 30% to the factory one, no difference will determine what analysis and does not affect the engine. In general, the output of high-quality oil and-20A. The plant capacity by oil is 20 percent lower than the calculated one and the process temperature is 50-100 degrees. higher. It is not possible to create such temperature on the heaters, additionally a firing furnace for heating the raw material is required.
Question to the constructor: As for cleanliness, I understand that you do not need to clean the product after your bottom evaporator. And then I thought more cleaner to acquire.
If the raw materials were unsaturated hydrocarbons, it often happens in cracking and pyrolysis oil-containing liquids. That over time, the finished product will begin to turn yellow or dark. Since unsaturated hydrocarbons throughout the storage time of light commercial petroleum product absorb each other causing an increase in the mass of the molecule. Therefore, an optical relationship between the mass of the oil product molecule and the color of the oil product is triggered, the larger the molecule, the darker the liquid..
I do not mind and even recommend cleaning clean. Take any fuel fine filter imported from a truck that cleans up to 2 microns, with a pump under low pressure or by gravity, pass light fuel through it before use, and safely pour into the tank. There, if something is formed in the fuel, everything will linger. This is a very cheap and high-quality method of cleaning light commercial oil products.